Alzheimer’s Disease care: Approach to handle it
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive form of dementia which is a condition caused by brain injuries or disease that affects the brain negatively. One can say that it is a continuous decline in thinking, behavioral and social skills that disrupts a person’s ability to function independently. Alzheimer’s is a complicated disease, which has no cure but can be controlled if detected at early stages.
Experts stated that Alzheimer’s disease is caused by a combination of various factors such as genetic, lifestyle or environmental factors that affect the brain over time but they never concluded regarding the exact cause of the illness. Rather they have identified some factors & risks that may affect an individual’s mind:
- Age: According to researches & studies, people of the age of 65 Years or able are prone to develop the disease.
- Family history: A family history of Alzheimer’s disease is not necessary for an individual to develop it. However, those who have a parent/sibling with Alzheimer’s are more likely to develop the disease.
- Genetics: Certain genes have been linked to Alzheimer’s disease.
Key points that the caregiver needs to remember:
Be educated: First and foremost thing is to learn as much as you can about the progression of Alzheimer’s disease which can help you to understand your closed one.
Establish a Routine: In order to keep your closed ones who are suffering from Alzheimer’s safe; you have to establish a routine for them and for yourself too. Whether it is meeting up a doctor, going for an appointment, taking a bath or eating, etc., when you plan and make a routine of all the things, they start to get familiar with the routine. This not only helps them but you too. You can be stable and less stressful.
A healthy balanced diet: Maintaining a healthy diet for someone who has Alzheimer’s disease is very difficult but it is essential to take care of their nutrition in order to take proper care of them. Getting their diet full of adequate caloric intake ensures that they stay healthy. Social eating with friends would help them stay in touch with what is going on in the real world. Also make sure that the kitchen is always stacked up with napkins, cups with lids, and non-messy food that are easy to eat.
Involve yourself: You have to accept the fact that you cannot cure them but spending time with them and respecting their choice is the least you could do. Try to be tolerant and thoughtful. Do your best to be flexible and keeping time for them always.
Communicate Carefully: Using soft & calm voice tone can help you communicate with them easily. Try to use simple words with short phrases because the complicated word jargon makes the person deviate and they’ll likely to skip what you’re trying to communicate about. Always call them by their name before making any sort of communication and make sure that you have their attention. Remember that even a simple touch can help communicate that they are loved.
Create a safe environment: Establish a simple and safe environment for them. Keep special requirements or products which they need safely and at a place, which can be easily located. This is important because if they’ll be able to reach out for the things they need themselves which will give them confidence for living better.
Focus on individualized care: Each person with Alzheimer’s disease will experience its symptoms and progression differently. Try to understand each symptom patiently.
Take care of yourself– Patience & flexibility along with self-care can help you to take care of the one who is suffering from Alzheimer’s. Why are we stressing on taking care of themselves is because of the simple reason i.e. caregiver burnout. Make sure you have the right diet and do not leave interacting with your peers because the social connection is important to stay sane.
Alzheimer’s is a complex disease to live with and similarly, it is not easy to see your loved one suffering from it. The caretaking of an Alzheimer’s patient is challenging and delicate. They constantly need professional care and assistance that gets complicated after a while at home. For their safe and healthy living, seek help from the Professionals at PsyCare.