How is Interpersonal Psychotherapy beneficial?
By- Dr Ranveer Singh
Interpersonal Psychotherapy or Interpersonal Therapy is a structured, time- bound, focused and evidence – based therapy, which typically focuses on an individual’s interpersonal issues. The underlying belief of interpersonal therapy is to improve the quality of a client’s interpersonal relationships and social functioning to lessen their distress.
When we talk about IPT, one thing comes to our mind that is the word RELATIONSHIP. Having relationships, whether family-based or friendship or just a relationship between two individuals, platonic or romantic, is a part and parcel of human life. These relationships improve the lives and offer the essential social interaction needed to survive. But relationships are highly complicated in nature; the way we decide to deal with them can affect the life physically, emotionally and mentally. IPT provides limited sessions and the structure of sessions are as follows:
The Opening Sessions which focuses on collecting information & making decisions about the focus of therapy. The therapist helps the client to create a list of all the key relationships in their life & later these relationships are grouped according to the main problem areas.
The Middle Sessions focuses on trying to improve on the chosen problem with the support of the therapist. The therapist & the client work together to develop solutions for the concerned problems where the client has to try to implement the solutions between the sessions.
The Final Sessions focuses on dealing with any sense of loss associated by the time therapy ends. These last sessions also focus on reviewing the issues that were identified in the opening sessions & how much progress the client has made in dealing with them.
Interpersonal Psychotherapy deals primarily with the way the client interacts with others present around his/her. The types of concerns normally addressed with IPT therapy fall into the following categories:
Interpersonal disputes: conflicts between the client and his/ her family members, friends & acquaintances, peers at school, couples & co-workers. These disputes cause stress & thus Interpersonal Psychotherapy helps in dealing with stress as well as resolving the disputes.
Role transitions: Difficult life transition retirement, divorce, moving to another city, etc. These transitions may trigger or worsen depression & stress. However, many individual sometimes finds it difficult to adapt to a new change in the life, IPT can help him/her with that.
Unresolved Grief: The onset of grief is linked to the death of a loved one, either past or present. While grieving a loss is a normal & healthy process but for some people, grieving takes a more serious impact & turns into depression & vulnerability. You might always feel stuck in the process & find no way out. Depression after someone you love passing away increases the sensitivity of loss, so the death or loss of someone can be especially difficult to handle & should be discussed in IPT.
Interpersonal deficits: Interpersonal deficits can refer to as any lack in the quality or number of relationships one might have. For some, the issue could be having too few close or supportive friendships. It would pertain primarily to the quality of the relationships. In IPT, it’s important to identify any relationship deficits and discuss the best way to remedy them.
If interpersonal therapy sounds like a beneficial step to you, take it. It’s important to work with someone who is professional & knows how to indulge you with techniques to deal with stress, depression & interpersonal relationships.
PsyCare has a team of professional experts who are properly trained in administering Interpersonal Psychotherapy. Our experts make sure that you have the most comfort & a safe zone to speak out what you want so that our experts & you reach a solution to solve the conflicts.