Things You Need to Know About Schizophrenia and it’s Treatment
According to studies, Schizophrenia affects approximately 1 percent of adult population, globally. Experts across psychiatric hospitals in Delhi and elsewhere, classify Schizophrenia as a spectrum of disorders, which is characterized by multiple symptoms involving cognition, perception, behaviour, emotions, attention, motivation, concentration, and judgement. In simple terms, Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that forces the patients to interpret reality abnormally. To help you understand the condition better, PsyCare discusses the various aspects of Schizophrenia in this post. Take a look.
The exact cause of Schizophrenia is still unknown, however, researchers believe that a combination of genetics, environment, and brain chemistry contributes to the development of this condition. Neuroimaging studies have shown conclusive differences in the central nervous system and brain structure of schizophrenia patients. The mental health of the patient could degrade further due to issues with neurotransmitters such as dopamine and glutamate.
Patients with Schizophrenia experience various issues involving cognition, behaviour, or emotions. Signs and symptoms may vary, however, a majority of them suffer from delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech. Let us take a look at these symptoms in detail:
Delusions occur in a majority of people with Schizophrenia, and are nothing but false beliefs that are not based in reality. Schizophrenia patients, for example, might think that they’re being harmed or harassed, or have exceptional abilities or fame. The patients may also false believe that certain gestures or comments are directed at them.
Hallucinations usually involve seeing or hearing things that don’t exist in reality. Most patients with Schizophrenia experience hallucinations in the form of imaginary voices, however, these make-believe realities can come in any of the senses.
Schizophrenia results into disorganized thinking, and subsequently, impairs effective communication in the patients. When questioned, these patients provide partially or completely unrelated answers, often putting together words which don’t have any meaning.
Disorganized or Abnormal Motor Behaviour
Patients with advanced stages of Schizophrenia, often display abnormal motor behaviour, ranging from childlike silliness to unpredictable agitation. Such behaviour may include resistance to instructions, a complete lack of response, inappropriate posture, or useless and excessive movement.
The diagnosis of Schizophrenia diagnosis is based on the observations of the actions of the patient, and an evaluation of the patient’s medical and psychiatric history. Psychiatric hospitals in Delhi and elsewhere, often undertake blood tests, imaging studies, and psychological evaluations of patients to rule out any other illnesses and conditions that might trigger schizophrenia-like symptoms. Psychiatrists also need to establish that the symptoms have not been caused by any prescription medicine or substance abuse. Subsequently, the patient must have a minimum of two symptoms from the list below, for a period of 6 months or more:
- Disorganized speech
- Disorganized or catatonic behavior
- Experience considerable impairment in carrying out everyday tasks.
Schizophrenia patients can lead productive lives with proper treatment. Effective treatment methodologies across schizophrenia treatment centers in India usually involve a combination of medication, psychological counselling, and self-help resources. In addition, the patients are also given anti-psychosis drugs, so that they can lead a healthy life, outside the hospital.
The patients, however, have a tendency to cut off their medication for extended periods, and this could result in a relapse.
Schizophrenia is one of the most prominent psychological disorders across the globe, and its patients, may take a long time to recover. Dealing with Schizophrenia can be lonely experience, therefore, it is crucial that the patients receive the full support of their family, friends, and community services.